Apprenticeship for Ukrainians: As a Ukrainian you can do an Apprenticeship in Germany. We explain how you can start such an Apprenticeship in Germany now. What do you have to pay attention to?
Apprentices from Ukraine and all other countries wanted
Apprenticeship in Germany is currently urgently needed for the dual vocational training. Azubis are people who learn a profession for two to three years in Germany. After that you can work as a skilled worker in Germany. This applies to applicants from all over the world – no matter what your citizenship is.
So if you are from Ukraine, you can go this way. The only two formal conditions:
- you speak German
- you have a high school diploma (at least 9 grades, also from abroad).
The dual vocational training system is a cornerstone of Germany’s robust economy and low youth unemployment rate. This system, known as “Duale Ausbildung,” combines classroom-based education with on-the-job training, providing students with a comprehensive understanding of their chosen field.
The “dual” aspect refers to the two places where learning occurs: at a vocational school (Berufsschule) and within a company. Typically, apprentices spend one or two days a week, or blocks of several weeks, at vocational school, where they acquire theoretical knowledge related to their profession. The rest of the time, they work at a company, applying and deepening this knowledge in a practical context.
Let’s explore this system through three popular professions: Mechatronics Technician, Industrial Management Assistant, and Medical Assistant.
- Mechatronics Technician: This profession combines mechanics, electronics, and computer science. Apprentices learn to build, maintain, and repair complex machinery. At vocational school, they study subjects like physics, engineering, and IT. In the company, they get hands-on experience with tasks like installing electrical systems, programming machines, and troubleshooting mechanical issues. The apprenticeship lasts 3.5 years and concludes with exams administered by the local Chamber of Industry and Commerce (IHK).
- Industrial Management Assistant: This commercial profession is popular among those interested in business processes. Apprentices learn about materials procurement, production planning, sales, marketing, HR, and controlling. At vocational school, they study business administration, economics, and business English. In the company, they rotate through different departments to understand all aspects of business operations. This apprenticeship lasts three years and also concludes with IHK exams.
- Medical Assistant: This profession is crucial in healthcare settings. Apprentices learn to assist doctors in their daily work, perform administrative tasks, and provide patient care. At vocational school, they study subjects like anatomy, medical terminology, and health education. In the company, usually a doctor’s office or clinic, they gain practical skills like taking patient histories, preparing and administering treatments, and managing patient records. This apprenticeship lasts three years and concludes with an exam administered by the local Medical Association.
In conclusion, the dual vocational training system in Germany is a practical and effective way to start a career in a wide range of fields. It offers the opportunity to learn both in a classroom and a real-world work environment, providing a well-rounded education and a strong foundation for future employment. There are more than 350 professions in Germany from which you can choose the one that suits you as a Ukrainian.
Finding a Place for Dual Vocational Training in Germany: A Detailed Guide
Securing a place for dual vocational training in Germany is a significant step towards a successful career. The dual system, which combines practical training at a workplace with theoretical education at a vocational school, is a cornerstone of Germany’s education system. Here are three common ways to find a place for dual vocational training in Germany:
- Online Job Portals: One of the most common ways to find a place for dual vocational training is through online job portals. Websites like the Federal Employment Agency’s “Jobbörse”, IHK’s “Lehrstellenbörse”, and other specialized portals like Ausbildung.de or Ausbildungsstellen.de regularly post vacancies for apprenticeships across various fields. These platforms allow you to filter opportunities based on location, industry, and type of training. Once you find a suitable position, you can apply directly through the platform or follow the application instructions provided.
- Company Websites: Many companies, especially larger ones, advertise available apprenticeship positions on their own websites. If you have a specific company in mind where you’d like to train, it’s a good idea to regularly check their website for updates. Some companies even allow you to submit speculative applications, which means you send your application documents even though no specific position has been advertised.
- Career Fairs and Information Events: Career fairs, information events, and open days provide excellent opportunities to learn about available apprenticeships. These events allow you to meet potential employers face-to-face, ask questions, and even submit your application in person. The Federal Employment Agency, trade associations, and schools often organize such events.
Regardless of the method you choose, it’s important to start your search early, as competition for apprenticeship positions can be high. Prepare a compelling application that includes a CV and a cover letter tailored to the position and company you’re applying to. If your application is shortlisted, you’ll likely be invited for an interview or an assessment center, so it’s crucial to prepare for these as well.
Apprenticeship in Germany for Ukrainians: Frequently asked questions
Can Ukrainans do an Apprenticeship in Germany?
Yes, applicants from all countries (including non-EU) can do Apprenticeship in Germany. So also if you come from Ukraine, you can do an Apprenticeship in Germany. Afterwards it is possible that you can work as a skilled worker in Germany.
Can I do an Apprenticeship in Germany as a Ukrainian if I do not speak German?
You should speak German compulsory on level A2 to be able to start an Apprenticeship in Germany. In the workplace and in the vocational school, teaching is exclusively in German. This is the reason why you need to be able to speak German reasonably well. Formally, you need a B1 level, but many employers will help you improve your German before you start your training.
When can I start an Apprenticeship in Germany as a Ukrainian?
Apprenticeship in Germany usually starts in August/September. However, there are also other possibilities. It is always best to apply early.
How much does a vocational student from Ukraine earn?
Your training salary is usually in the range of 800 to 1,200 euros per month. It often depends on the industry, the region and the tasks. Applicants find out the exact amount directly from the employer during the application process. Sometimes there is the possibility to negotiate this wage somewhat. After successfully completing your Apprenticeship in Germany, you will earn between 1,800 and 3,000 euros per month as a skilled worker. This depends on your performance, the industry and many other factors.
Which Apprenticeship in Germany suits me as a Ukrainian woman?
According to our analysis, women are most likely to apply for an Apprenticeship in Germany as Office Management Assistant, Medical Assistant, Dental Assistant and Sales Assistant. As a Ukrainian woman, however, you can apply for any vocational training in Germany, for example, also as a nurse / nurse practitioner, plumber / plumber or CNC specialist. Every Apprenticeship in Germany is also open for women from Ukraine. You can also read our analysis especially for Apprenticeship in Germany for women.
Which Apprenticeship in Germany is suitable for me as a male Ukrainian?
As a male Ukrainian you can start any Apprenticeship in Germany. All professions are open to men, women and people who define themselves differently. You can choose from many different professions, including for example CNC specialist, truck driver or engineer. You can also read our analysis specifically for Apprenticeship in Germany for men.
Which Apprenticeship in Germany will give me the best career opportunities?
Your career opportunities depend on many factors, not only on your apprenticeship. However, there are occupations for which a large number of trainees are being sought. These include all Apprenticeships in Nursing and Health, all Apprenticeships in Crafts, and everything to do with the environment and energy. If you choose an apprenticeship in which there are always many workers wanted, you also have pretty good chances.
Which apprenticeship in Germany is shortest?
The shortest apprenticeships in Germany take an education period of 48 months. Amongst the shortest apprenticeships are the trainings for the following professions: Building and object coater, specialist for courier services, express services and postal services, metal technology specialist, warehouse specialist, machine and plant operator, saleswoman and salesman.
Can I do an Apprenticeship in Germany as a student from Ukraine?
Yes, even if you are a student or have already finished your studies in Ukraine or another country, you can start an Apprenticeship in Germany. As a student you may also work in Germany as a student for up to 90 days per year.
What is the minimum age for Apprenticeship in Germany for Ukrainians?
If you are from Ukraine, you must be at least 18 years old to start Apprenticeship in Germany. Germans can start at a younger age. However, as a foreigner you have to sign contracts here (training contract, rental contract, insurances etc.). This is often only possible if you are at least 18.
What is the maximum age I can be if I want to do an Apprenticeship in Germany as a Ukrainian?
There is no legal maximum age for Apprenticeship in Germany. Even if you are over 30 as a Ukrainian, you often still have good opportunities. It often depends on the professions in which there is a particularly high demand for trainees and how good your qualifications and language skills are.
Are apprentices from Ukraine popular in Germany?
German companies are looking for trainees very urgently. Therefore, in very many cases, applicants from Ukraine and many other countries are very welcome. Since statistically there is only one application for every free place for an Apprenticeship in Germany, you also have very good chances as a Ukrainian.
In which city in Germany can I do Apprenticeship in Germany?
You can do Apprenticeship in Germany in practically every city, because there are apprenticeship places in almost every place in Germany. Most apprenticeships are in cities and metropolitan regions such as Berlin, Karlsruhe or Düsseldorf. But also in cities like Erfurt, Schwerin or Weimar as well as even in very small towns you can find a lot of apprenticeships. Read more in our special guide to the best region for an Apprenticeship in Germany.
How to get a visa for Apprenticeship in Germany?
First you need to find an employer for your Apprenticeship in Germany and sign a training contract. Then you can apply for a visa for your Apprenticeship in Germany. If you are an EU citizen, you do not need a visa. In any case, all steps will be explained to you during your application.
Can I start an Apprenticeship in Germany together with my boyfriend / girlfriend?
In many cases this is possible. Either with the same employer and at the same vocational school or at least at the same place. You can therefore apply together and should point out in the application that you want to do the Apprenticeship in Germany together.
Women and men from all countries of the world can apply for dual vocational training in Germany.
How am I protected as a vocational student from Ukraine in Germany?
As a Ukrainian, you have the same rights and obligations as any German vocational student. These include, among other things, the punctual and complete payment of the agreed wages, the right to continued payment of wages in the event of illness, as well as various rights in the area of working hours.
Recognition of Ukrainian Qualifications in Germany
When planning to work or study in Germany, one of the key steps for Ukrainians is to get their qualifications recognized. The recognition of Ukrainian qualifications in Germany is crucial as it allows employers and educational institutions to understand and evaluate the Ukrainian certificates and degrees.
The process of recognition involves comparing a foreign qualification with the corresponding German qualification. The main criteria for this comparison are the content and duration of the foreign training program. The competent recognition authority in Germany will check whether there are any significant differences between the foreign and the German qualification.
In Germany, the recognition process is regulated by the Recognition Act. According to this law, everyone who has obtained a professional qualification abroad is entitled to a procedure to assess the equivalence of their qualification.
The process begins with an application to the competent recognition authority. This authority varies depending on the profession and the region in Germany. The “Recognition Finder” tool on the official recognition in Germany website can help you find the right authority.
The application must include documents such as proof of identity, proof of the foreign qualification (such as certificates and transcripts), and proof of relevant work experience. All documents must be submitted in German, so translations may be necessary.
The recognition authority will then assess the equivalence of the foreign qualification. If the foreign qualification is found to be equivalent, a full recognition certificate is issued. If there are significant differences, a partial recognition may be issued, and the applicant may need to undergo additional training or examination in Germany.
It’s important to note that the recognition process can take several months, so it’s advisable to start the process well in advance of your planned start date in Germany. Also, there may be fees associated with the recognition process.