What is a third country?

documents business desk wide shot natural ligh

A third country is a state that is not a member of the European Union (EU). In the context of EU law, the term is often used in relation to economic, trade and security regulation.

What is a third country?

With states that are not members of the European Union (EU), the EU has made certain regulations that also relate to issues of migration, immigration and employment in Germany.

In this context, the EU has made numerous arrangements and agreements with third countries to promote cooperation in important areas such as trade, investment and development. These arrangements often involve the creation of free trade agreements that allow companies and goods to move more easily between EU member states and third countries. One example of such an agreement is the EU-Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA).

Third countries also play an important role in the context of EU foreign and security policy. For example, the EU has developed relationships and partnerships with third countries in areas such as peacekeeping, conflict prevention, and defense. There are also joint efforts to counter common threats, such as terrorism, cybercrime, and illicit arms trafficking.

It is important to note that the term “third country” is used only in the context of the EU and does not have the same meaning as “non-state actors” or “developing countries.” A third country is simply a country that is not a member of the EU, and there is no implied value judgement about whether it is developed or underdeveloped, or whether it has any other type of relationship with the EU.

Which countries do not count as a third country?

Countries that are members of the European Union (EU) are not third countries. Currently, the EU includes 27 countries: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom.

There are also countries that are candidates for EU membership that are not yet members but are in ongoing accession negotiations. These countries can be considered as potential future members of the EU and therefore are not third countries.

There are also other countries that have a special relationship with the EU through special arrangements or agreements, such as EFTA countries (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland) that are members of the European Economic Area (EEA), and they enjoy a special relationship with the EU, but they are not members of the EU, thus they are also third countries.

Questions and answers

  1. How has the European Union facilitated job opportunities for its citizens?

    The EU has created a single market that allows for the free movement of people, goods, services, and capital. This means that EU citizens can live, work, and study anywhere within the EU without needing a visa or work permit. The European Employment Services (EURES) platform also assists job seekers in finding opportunities across the EU by providing information on job vacancies, living and working conditions, and career development services.

  2. What are the opportunities available for apprenticeships and internships within the European Union?

    The EU promotes vocational education and training (VET) through the Erasmus+ program, which offers funding and support for apprenticeships and internships. Both students and professionals can participate in these opportunities to gain valuable experience and develop their skills. The European Solidarity Corps also offers volunteering and work placements for young people aged 18-30, focusing on projects that benefit communities and promote solidarity.

  3. How does the Schengen Area affect border controls within the European Union?

    The Schengen Area is a zone of 26 European countries that have abolished passport and other border controls at their mutual borders. It allows for the free movement of people between these countries, making travel and work more accessible for EU citizens. However, temporary border controls can be reinstated in exceptional circumstances, such as national security concerns or public health emergencies.

  4. What is the Blue Card and how does it benefit non-EU citizens seeking employment in the European Union?

    The EU Blue Card is a work permit designed for highly skilled non-EU citizens seeking employment in EU member states (except Denmark, Ireland, and the United Kingdom). The Blue Card offers several benefits, including a fast-track application process, the right to bring family members, and easier access to permanent residency. To be eligible, applicants must have a job offer in an EU member state and meet specific salary and qualification requirements.

  5. How does the European Union handle migration from third countries?

    The EU has a common migration policy that aims to manage legal migration, combat irregular migration, and address the root causes of migration through international cooperation. Legal migration channels include family reunification, student visas, and the EU Blue Card. The EU also participates in resettlement programs for refugees and asylum seekers and supports border management efforts in member states.

  6. How does the European Union support the integration of migrants?

    The EU supports the integration of migrants through various policies, funding, and initiatives. The Asylum, Migration, and Integration Fund (AMIF) provides financial assistance to member states to help them develop and implement integration strategies. The EU also promotes the sharing of best practices, research, and data on migrant integration to inform policy development and facilitate cooperation between member states.

  7. What measures does the European Union take to prevent illegal migration?

    The EU takes a comprehensive approach to preventing illegal migration, which includes enhancing border security, cooperating with third countries, and addressing the root causes of migration. The European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Frontex) plays a crucial role in securing external borders and combating human trafficking and smuggling. The EU also works closely with non-EU countries through partnerships and agreements to address migration challenges at their source.

  8. How do EU regulations protect workers’ rights across member states?

    The EU enforces a set of rules and regulations designed to protect workers’ rights and ensure fair working conditions across member states. These regulations include rules on working hours, minimum wages, health and safety, anti-discrimination, and parental leave.

Scroll to Top